Córdoba is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the
capital of the province of Córdoba. Located at 37.88°
North, 4.77° West, on the Guadalquivir river, it was founded
in ancient Roman times as Corduba by Claudius Marcellus. Its population
is about 306,000 as of 2004.
Today a moderately sized modern city, the old town contains many impressive architectural reminders of when Córdoba was the thriving capital of the Caliphate of Andalucia.
Córdoba was the birthplace of three famous philosophers:
the Roman Stoic, Seneca, the Muslim Averroes, and the Jewish Maimonides.
Córdoba was also the birthplace of the Roman poet, Lucan
and (more recently) of several flamenco artists including Paco
Peña, Vicente Amigo and Joaquín Cortes.