The city’s most distinctive building, the11th century
Alcazaba sits in majestic splendour on the hillside overlooking the African
The Alcazaba is a military fortress build by the Moors in the 11th century
on the remains of a Romans fortress. The fortress lies on a hill top with
good view over the town and the sea and originally consisted of 3 protecting
walls - whereas two are still remaining - , more than 100 towers and a
superior part with a residential area including three palaces.
An important example of Moorish architecture, it has an impressive double
wall and several imposing defensive towers its entrance staggered purposely
for defensive purposes. Partially inspired by La Alhambra in Granada it
contains three magnificent palaces and beautiful gardens with several
ornate fountains. The Alcazaba also houses the Archaeological Museum,
home of numerous Phoenician and Muslim finds.
The best preserved Alcazaba in Spain, and itself more impressive than
the one at La Alhambra in Granada.
The gardens inside the Alcazaba are particularly vivid during April to
July, and are one of the main draws for the complex.