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Alicante History

The Costa Blanca's past is that of any other corner of the Mediterranean. Iberians, Phoenicians and Greeks settled in the ports, founding merchant cities and leaving important naval bases here before they were turned over to Rome. The area then belonged to Byzantium, and the Visigoths, and after the 8C it was a part of the prosperous region of al-Andalus. The Denia Taifa (Arab petty kingdom), on which the Balearic Islands and Sardinia depended for a while, sheltered several members of the Umayyad dynasty, upon the fall of the Cordova Caliphate, and the city knew a period of considerable cultural splendour.

The 13C marked the beginning of the Christian period, which was characterised from the very beginning by battles between the Crowns of Aragon and Castile, who disputed their borders, but at the same time left traces of the coexistence of their respective languages, Castilian and Catalan. The Moslem defeat would be reflected forever in a celebration of enormous interest - the Festivity of the Moors and Christians- which the traveller will be able to see in several of the towns in the province.

The Modern Age began under the sign of conflicts. Social revolutions and the threat from pirates marked the changing of the times along these insecure coasts. After an entire century - the 16C - filled with all kinds of events, Felipe III decreed the expulsion of the Moriscos (the converted Muslims) who, according to widespread, contentious opinion were suspected of collaborating with the Berbers who periodically attacked the littoral. The result of such a drastic measure had necessarily to be very hard: On one hand, the Moriscos who considered that they had just as much right to be there as the descendants of the old Christians, organised several revolts. In addition, once the expulsion took place, the lands were left without their expert farmers, who were capable of obtaining considerable production from their property. The whole 17C would have to go by -with the ever present threat of the pirates- before the orchards and fields would once again furnish such a magnificent yield.

During the 18C and 19C, the Costa Blanca continued to enjoy a relatively peaceful existence. With the exception of Alicante and Denia which became prosperous port cities, the littoral was a succession of small fishing villages backed by agricultural surroundings which were far removed from the convulsions of the wars. It would not be until our times that a considerable change, fortunately of a non violent manner, would be noted. The spreading of the railway system, cars and airplanes brought with this progress a new wave of invasions, but this time the invaders came in peace. Tourism brought changes to the landscape, the sports harbours, the hotel infrastructure and even to that enormous agglomeration of leisure time installations which is Benidorm, and which has always wanted to present itself as a symbol of the Costa Blanca. The traveller will be able to find, very close to the more frequented areas, intimate farming towns, old monumental centres and also the horizon of mountains which continue to offer their rugged, blue and untouched profile to the visitor.

Alicante guide

Alicante map
City map of Alicante
City map of Benidorm
Alicante Hotels
Alicante weather
Alicante Information
Alicante Attractions
Alicante Beaches
Alicante Benidorm
Benidorm Gastronomy
Alicante Calendar
Alicante Calpe
Calpe Festivities
Calpe Gastronomy
Carrascal de la Font Roja
Alicante Denia
El Hondo
El Montgo

Alicante Festivities
Alicante Gastronomy
Alicante golf
Alicante History
Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja
Alicante Location
Alicante Monuments
Alicante Moors and Christians
Alicante Museums
Alicante night life
Alicante Parks
Penyal D'Ifach
Salinas de Santa Pola
Alicante San Juan
Alicante Tabarca
Alicante Teulada
Alicante useful telephones
Alicante White Coast

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