Located in the lower Almanzora valley about 73 kilometres
from Almería by motorway its name is derived from
the number of residents whose name was Gallardo.
The town grew to support mining operations in the Sierra
Almagrera at the beginning of the 19th century with the
discovery of large deposits of lead and iron.
There are the remains of mining activity between the municipalities
of Bédar and Los Gallardos, as well as fragments
of the overhead cable from Pinar to Garrucha.
There are also been a railway track linking Los Gallardos
with Bédar and Garrucha, and one of the bridges
still exists over the N340 near La Perulaca.